The Georgia Colony
Bah Bah Bah Bah Bah, The Debtors Are Lovin’ It!
Have you ever wanted to live in a free, warm, nice area? The colonists in the 1700’s did, and that is why they settled the colony of Georgia. A trustee named James Edward Oglethorpe, in 1733, settled the colony of Georgia. James Oglethorpe settled Georgia because he wanted a free land where everyone could be accepted. He also wanted Georgia to be an area where debtors, people who owe debts, could come to start fresh.
All of this sounds great, but in these times, you cannot just go to a new land and call it your own. Before James Oglethorpe could settle Georgia, he had to get a charter. To get a charter, Oglethorpe and a group of trustees had to go to the king, King Charles II, and ask for one. Eventually, King Charles II granted them one. After the land was settled, the group of trustees named it Georgia, after the king. Soon after, Georgia became a royal colony. This meant that although the royalty lived across the Atlantic Ocean, they still had full control of the colony.
Georgia is part of the southern colonies, which are the colonies that are farthest south. This includes Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Georgia is also the most southern colony out of the Thirteen Colonies. To the north of Georgia, there is South Carolina. To the east of Georgia, there is the big, blue Atlantic Ocean. South of Georgia is a land called Florida, and east of Georgia you will see the Appalachian Mountains and another land called Alabama.
In the top left corner of Georgia, there is a set of mountains called the Blue Ridge Mountains. Throughout Georgia, there is a lovely river called the Savannah River, and the smaller Altamaha River is in the bottom right corner of Georgia. The entire border of the right side of Georgia is the Atlantic Ocean, which means that there is an ample amount of fresh and saltwater.
The colony of Georgia follows the ways of the trustees. The way that the trustees’ ways of life does not die out was through James Oglethorpe. He acts as kind of a “supervisor” to watch over the people of Georgia to make sure that they continuously follow the trustees’ ways. The trustees also run the government in Georgia. One of the main cities in Georgia is Savannah. John Oglethorpe has split Savannah into several different wards. There is a different governor for each of the wards. To be governor, you have to be appointed by the King of England. To run for a seat in the Lower House, you must have certain qualifications. You have to be a male who owns at least five hundred acres of land (two hundred hectares). To make laws, you have to send “suggestions” to the trustees in England, and they will deny or approve them to become laws.
Georgia’s main law is to accept all religions. Everyone of any culture could practice it in Georgia. But since Georgia follows the ways of the trustees, the only people not accepted in Georgia are the Catholics. Therefore, religion only affects law in Georgia when it involves Catholics. The people of Georgia wanted to expand their land, but there were Native Americans in their way. They had to do something to get that land, so they created a treaty with the Creek Native Americans. This document has no official name, but it was very important to the expansion of Georgia, and now the land is a lot more spacious, and more people can move there.
People And Culture
Everyday life is very average in Georgia. Men have jobs, while women stay at home to provide domestic skills, such as cooking, cleaning, sewing clothes, taking care of the children, and growing food. Men, as well as jobs, have government powers. Children usually help out at home as well. They mainly help their parents on the farm. Children also go to school sometimes. The schools that they go to are supported and funded by the trustees.
Since people of all religions, accept for Catholics, can live in Georgia, many people do. This meant that people have many different religions and still have different jobs and occupations.
(Put Picture Here)
Many important resources are found in the colony of Georgia. These mainly include rice, indigo, wheat, corn, and peas. These resources can made into products, and then sold to Europe. The resources that are turned into products and then traded to Europe are rice, indigo clothing and dyes, pork, pottery, clay, and lumber.
Georgia has a large range of jobs. The jobs in Georgia are mostly farmers, fur traders, carpenters, merchants, doctors, and other jobs. All of the occupations are crucial to Georgia’s economy. African- American slaves occupy all of the jobs on the plantations, but this was not always true. Slavery in Georgia used to not be allowed, but the demand for labor was to high. All of the other jobs in Georgia were occupied by a wide variety of people of many different religions.
African- American Slaves In Georgia. Digital image. Slavery In America. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://www.slaveryinamerica.org/images/coffle_200-210.jpg>.
Britton, Tamara L. The Georgia Colony. Edina, MN: ABDO Pub., 2001. Print.
Britton, Tamara. "The Georgia Colony." Map. The Georgia Colony. Edina, MN: ABDO Pub., 2001. 4. Print.
Davis, Marc. The Georgia Colony. Chanhassen, MN: Child's World, 2003. Print.
Doak, Robin S. Georgia, 1521-1776. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2006. Print.
Doak, Robin S. Georgia. [New York]: Children's, 2004. Print.
The Indigo Plant. Digital image. Plant Cultures. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://www.plantcultures.org/img/specieslanding/indigoland.jpg>.
James Oglethorpe. Digital image. John Horse Rebellion. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://www.johnhorse.com/images/strack/oglethorpe.jpg>.
People In Georgia. Digital image. Georgia Encyclopedia. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/media_content/m-8645_thumb.jpg>.
Schumacher, Tyler. "The Georgia Colony, 1763." Map. The Georgia Colony. Mankato, MN: Capstone, 2006. 9. Print.
Schumacher, Tyler. The Georgia Colony. Mankato, MN: Capstone, 2006. Print.
Sonneborn, Liz. A Primary Source History of the Colony of Georgia. New York: Rosen Central Primary Source, 2006. Print.
The Treaty With The Creek Native Americans. Digital image. Encyclopedia Of Alabama. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://encyclopediaofalabama.org/media_content/m-2489_thumb.jpg>.